Where Is the Primacy of International Law in Transitional Countries like Kyrgyzstan?

Posted on 09 September 2010 by

Remarks delivered by Tolekan Ismailova, Director, Human Rights Center “Citizens against Corruption” on September 02, 2010 in Barcelona, Spain

“Human rights violations related to the recent tragic events in Kyrgyzstan and implications for the implementation of Helsinki commitments”

For a start, let me say that I would like to dedicate my speech to the thousands of people who have suffered injustice during the tragic events that occurred in Kyrgyzstan in April, May and June 2010. People who lost relatives and friends, people who were injured, people who were left without homes and means to exist, missing persons, victims of sexual and physical abuse, homeless children and orphans… [1]

Kyrgyzstan (cc) noviceromano

Kyrgyzstan (cc) noviceromano

I would like to appreciate the Transitional Radical Party’s involvement in the crisis situation and your help with bringing the needed help timely and appropriately. Being in Kyrgyzstan, I never felt abandoned by you. It was extremely important that the Party promptly decided to back the trip of Oksana Chelysheva to the field. It was crucial not only for me personally but also helped to establish the background circumstances and provide the international community with the accurate information on the causes and consequences of the violence that affected my country.

Today I would like to provide you with an overview of the human rights situation in Kyrgyzstan as it looks following the series of tragic events that has rocked our country in 2010, in particular the recent inter-ethnic violence in the southern part of the country.

On April 7, 2010 in the central square Ala-Too 87 young people were killed, more than 1052 were injured on the way to the White House demanding the resignation of President Bakiyev and his family and clan-based system, which came to power in the wake of the March 24, 2005 revolution. To date the Kyrgyz public has not received a response from the investigative and judicial authorities about who killed and injured those people during peacetime.

Unfortunately, a new Provisional Government of the Kyrgyz Republic that had come to power failed to provide public safety for citizens and did not create the necessary conditions for a peaceful political transfer of power. Besides, there are strong grounds to claim that some of the members of the provisional government might be implicated in the violence [2].

Violence against civilians was applied in May in the Chuy region of Kyrgyzstan against the Meskhetian Turks; in June there was a large-scale interethnic conflict in southern Kyrgyzstan mostly against the Uzbek population.

With regard to the OSCE assistance in resolving the growing violence in society conflicts, as well protection of victims’ rights, they acted as mere observers. Unfortunately, their involvement was insufficient for the prevention of the conflict spreading. Already in May 2010, the OSCE mission refused the human rights defenders’ proposal to be part of their attempt to mediate with then president Bakiyev and act as mediators between acting politicians and their opponents from opposition to ensure peaceful transition of power without violence.

Ismailova’s “Where Is the Primacy of International Law in Transitional Countries like Kyrgyzstan?” speech in full (pdf).

[1] www.icg.org “The Pogroms in Kyrgyzstan”

[2] Novaya Gazeta…. Oksana Chelysheva

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